The Trans-Urals celebrated Victory Day in 1945 with deeds of labor | Kurgan and Kurgan region news

In March 1946, the Supreme Soviet of the USSR approved a plan for the restoration and development of the national economy.

In May 1945, all Soviet newspapers, including those from the Urals, published Comrade IV Stalin’s address to the people, delivered on May 9. “Comrades! The Great Patriotic War ended with our complete victory, it said. – The period of the war in Europe is over. A period of peaceful development has begun. “

To the words of the leader, the press urged its readers to respond with deeds of labor. “Wider the wave of socialist competition! We will achieve the daily schedule of field work! ” – wrote in large letters on May 12, 1945, the newspaper “Kurgan Kolkhoznik” (No. 21 (55)), which was the organ of the Kurgan RK VKP (b) and the district council of workers’ deputies of the Kurgan region. You can look through it in Yugovka.

In the same issue, a note was published by the accountant of the agricultural cartel (collective farm) im. Lenin of the Vvedensky village council of Zimin. He noted that the collective farmers and tractor drivers of his collective farm responded with shock work to the appeal of Comrade Stalin. Collective farmers Antonina Koryukova, Agripina Tarasova, Klavdiya Chuprova, Valentina Maslyannikova and others on May 11, working on harrowing bulls, fulfilled the norm by 110 percent. Tractor drivers Ekaterina Verkhoturtseva and Ivan Sazanskikh exceeded the daily task that day.

On May 10, 1945, the newspaper “Kurgan Kolkhoznik” (No. 20 (54)) stated that crowded rallies in honor of victory took place with unprecedented enthusiasm in all collective farms, enterprises and institutions of the Kurgan region (in 1964 it was renamed into the now existing Ketovsky). “Speaking at the rallies, the collective farmers and women collective farmers made a promise to successfully and efficiently carry out spring sowing, to grow a rich harvest on the collective farm fields – a harvest of victory,” the newspaper wrote.

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There were even more reports of double production. Political organizer E. Gordichuk from the Udarnik agricultural cartel sent the following note to the Kurgan Kolkhoznik (No. 21 (55) dated May 12, 1945): “The news of the unconditional surrender of the German armed forces, the end of the Great Patriotic War, found the tractor brigade No. 20, where the foreman comrade Merzlyakov, in the collective farm fields.

– Comrades! – the foreman comrade addressed. Merzlyakov to tractor drivers. – The words of our beloved comrade Stalin have come true, a holiday has come on our land, a holiday of national celebration – victory over the enemy. I propose to celebrate this joyful day for us with double production.

The tractor drivers unanimously supported the proposal of their foreman, and the engines of the cars began to hum again, the spring song rang out, the song of joy and happiness. On this day, all car drivers exceeded their norms. F. Borodin sowed 21 hectares with his machine, instead of the norm of 14 hectares. E. Voinkova, Elena Polovinkina and Ivan Morozov gave two norms.

The collective farmers of the Udarnik agricultural cartel are satisfied with the work of the tractor drivers. “They work in a Stakhanov way,” they declare. The brigade fulfilled the plan of spring field work by 51 percent, gave 75 hectares of conditional plowing for each tractor ”.

The editorial board of Kurgan Kolkhoznik (No. 27 (114) of May 9, 1946) had no doubts that “our people, who showed examples of dedication and heroism during the war, will not only fulfill, but also overfulfill the tasks of the five-year plan.” “The guarantee of this is patriotism, devotion and love of the Soviet people to their homeland. He wants to quickly heal the wounds inflicted by the war, to make life happy and prosperous, – the newspaper explained and immediately added: – A striking fact of the greatest patriotism can serve as a subscription to a new loan. For example, Maria Petrovna Baklanova, an employee of the osteo-tuberculosis children’s sanatorium in our district (now located in the Yurgamysh district), signed a loan of 5,500 rubles and contributed the entire amount in cash. “

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As journalists-propagandists noted, “there are hundreds, thousands of such examples,” which confirmed the “unbreakable will of the Soviet people for new victories of socialist construction.”

During the Great Patriotic War, the entire population of the country actively donated money to confront the enemy. After a note in the Pravda newspaper, a special Defense Fund was created. Military bonds became another source of financing for hostilities (the winnings on them ranged from 200 rubles to 50 thousand rubles). The fourth military loan for 25 billion rubles was issued in accordance with the Decree of the Council of People’s Commissars of the USSR of May 5, 1945. Loans allowed cash to be withdrawn from circulation, which kept inflation in check. In total, during the years of the Great Patriotic War, the state received 100.541 billion rubles through the placement of bonds.

In March 1946, the Supreme Soviet of the USSR approved a plan for the restoration and development of the national economy. In the first post-war five-year plan, it was planned to reach the pre-war level of development of industry and agriculture, and then surpass it. And so it happened. The level of industrial production in the country by 1950 exceeded the pre-war level by 73%. The real economic miracle was called the annual price decrease by 1.5 to 2 times, while wages did not fall. Agriculture was restored by 1952. The Soviet Union quickly healed the wounds inflicted by the war and took one of the leading places in the world economy.

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