Alaska Administrative Divisions

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The administrative divisions of Alaska are the various government units that provide local government services in the state of Alaska.

Boroughs

Section 3 of Article X of the Alaska Constitution divides the state, at the first level, into organized and unorganized boroughs.[1] These boroughs are functionally equivalent to counties found in most other states.

Areas in Alaska that are not within the boundaries of an organized borough are, by default, part of a single unorganized borough.[2] However, beginning with the 1970 Census, the United States Census Bureau, in cooperation with the state, divided this borough into several census areas in order to facilitate the taking of the United States Census.

Cities

Section 7 of Article X of the Alaska Constitution divides the state, at the second level, into incorporated cities, which must be located entirely within the boundaries of a single borough.[3]

Classification of municipalities

Municipalities in Alaska are divided into two groups: rule of house municipalities and general law municipalities.[4] The housing municipalities are chartered and have all legislative powers that are not otherwise prohibited to them.[5] Common law municipalities, on the other hand, are not licensed and only have legislative powers that are explicitly conferred on them.[6]

Common law municipalities are divided into five classes: first, second and third class districts and first and second class towns.[7] Each class has specific requirements for existence and potential incorporation or reclassification.

The organization, incorporation, amalgamation, consolidation, reclassification and dissolution of municipalities are overseen by the Local Boundary Commission.[8]

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