City in Alaska, United States
Akiak (ACK-ee-ack) (Central Yupik: Akiaq) is a city in Bethel Census Area, Alaska, United States. The population was 346 at the 2010 Census, against 309 in 2000. It is the home of the Akiak Indigenous Community.
Geography and climate
Akiak is located  (Sec. 32, T010N, R067W, Seward Meridian), on the west bank of the Kuskokwim River, 68 km northeast of Bethel, on the Yukon Delta – Kuskokwim. Akiak is located in the Bethel Registration District.(60.912220, -161.21389)
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.1 square miles (8.1 km2), dont 5,4 km2) is land and 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2), or 32.58%, is water. Average precipitation is 410 mm (16 inches) in this region, with snowfall of 50 inches (1300 mm). Summer temperatures range from 42 ° F (6 ° C) to 62 ° F (17 ° C). Winter temperatures range from −2 ° F (−19 ° C) to 19 ° F (−7 ° C).
History and culture
In 1880, the village, then known as Akkiagamute, had 175 inhabitants. Current name Akiak means “the other side”, since this place was a passage to the Yukon River basin during the winter for the Yupiit area. The community opened a post office in 1916. The United States Public Health Service built a hospital in the 1920s. The town was incorporated in 1970. Akiak is a Yup’ik village dependent on livelihood and food activities. peach.
The Akiak Native Community is a federally recognized Native Alaskan Tribe located in Akiak.
Akiak first appeared in the 1880 US Census as the Native Alaska Village (Inuit) of “Akkiagamute”. The 175 residents were all Inuit. In 1890 it returned as “Akiagamiut” with 97 residents (all from Alaska). He did not appear on the census again until 1920, then under the name Akiak. It came back to each successive census. It was officially incorporated in 1970.
At the census out of 2000, 309 people, 69 households and 54 families resided in the city. The population density was 157.2 people per square mile (60.6 / km2). There were 76 housing units at an average density of 38.7 per square mile (14.9 / km2). The racial makeup of the city was 4.85% White, 92.88% American by birth, and 2.27% from two or more races. 0.65% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Of Akiak’s 69 households, 53.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.5% were married couples living together, 20.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.7 % were not families. 18.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.3% had someone living alone aged 65 or over. The average household size was 4.48 and the average family size was 5.24.
In cities, the age distribution of the population shows 43.4% under 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 14.6% from 45 to 64 and 6.8% 65 years or older. The median age was 21. For every 100 women, there were 122.3 men. For every 100 women aged 18 and over, there were 105.9 men.
The median income for a household in the city was $ 26,250, and the median income for a family was $ 36,875. Men had a median income of $ 21,875 compared to $ 11,667 for women. The per capita income for the city was $ 8,326. About 25.0% of families and 33.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.3% of those under 18 and 6.7% of those 65 and over.
A new well water treatment plant and storage tank were recently completed. The school and the clinic are directly linked to the water plant. Individual wells, septic tanks and plumbing were installed in 14 HUD houses in 1997. Sewage disposal is currently carried out by septic tanks, buckets of honey or toilets, but major improvements are underway. A running water and gravity sewer system is under construction, along with domestic plumbing. 67 houses need water and sewer service. Most residents depend on the washer for laundry and bathing. The city provides septic pumping services. Electricity is provided by the city of Akiak. There is a school located in the community attended by 99 students.
The city is currently home to the world’s third largest stuffing museum. Local hospitals or health clinics include Edith Kawagley Memorial Clinic (907-765-7125). Edith Kawagley Memorial Clinic is a primary health care facility. Akiak is classified as an isolated village; it is found in SME region 7A in the Yukon / Kuskokwim region. Emergency services have river and air access and are provided by a caregiver.
Economy and transport
The majority of year-round jobs at Akiak are found in the city, schools or other public services. Commercial fishing or BLM firefighting also provides seasonal income. Twenty-seven residents hold commercial fishing licenses. The community is interested in the development of a fish processing plant and tourism. Subsistence activities are important to residents. The poor returns of fish since 1997 have greatly affected the community.
The airport has a gravel runway in good condition, measuring 3,196 feet (974 m) long by 75 feet (23 m) wide, at an elevation of 30 feet (9.1 m). The Strip offers year-round charter or private air access. Arctic Circle Air Service, Grant Aviation, and Hageland Aviation provide passenger flight service. Snowmobiles, ATVs and skiffs are widely used for local transportation to neighboring villages. There are no mooring facilities.
The city has no sales tax, property tax, or special taxes. The sale or import of alcohol is prohibited in the village.